Full-size vans such as the Nissan NV Cargo combine heavy-duty capacity with an enclosed cargo...

Full-size vans such as the Nissan NV Cargo combine heavy-duty capacity with an enclosed cargo hold and an available high roof.

Photo: Nissan Motor Co. 

In 2013, Mark Shackleford took his trusted fleet dealer’s advice and tested the Nissan NV full-size van, which had been introduced to the North American market in the 2012-MY. The owner of Shackleford Enterprises, a Ringgold, Ga.-based company that provides roadside assistance, recovery, and repair services to tractor-trailer operators in four states, was in the market for a vehicle that could carry his drivers and a heavy and expensive load — around $100,000 worth of equipment and spare parts and components — safely and securely. 

Since cycling in that first NV five years ago, he has purchased 25 more. For his application, the van makes more sense than any pickup could. 

“When I shut those doors, I don’t want anybody to see what’s in it,” Shackleford said. “And it has overhead storage, a damn good air conditioner, and power inverters built into the console and in the rear. In our world, that keeps batteries, booster boxes, flashlights, and laptops charged.” 

Fueled by new models, sizes, and engine choices, U.S. van sales increased by 45% between 2015 and 2016. 
Source: Automotive Fleet Research Dept.

Since the early-2000s introduction of the “Euro-style” Mercedes-Benz Sprinter sparked a renaissance in the van segment, owners and operators of service fleets have had many more options to weigh when selecting their next workhorse. To dig into the topic, Work Truck met with factory executives representing Ford, Nissan, and Ram, each of whom works with fleet managers to select the right truck or van — or combination thereof — for their business. 

Fit for Duty

Shackleford said the move to vans brought with it unexpected cost savings. “When the truck is full of air compressors, impact guns, and torch hoses, they get roasted and rained on the topside. It had become a real issue for us. Now my equipment lasts longer.” 

Nissan’s senior manager of light commercial vehicle sales and operations, Mark Namuth, said that, with a full lineup of trucks and vans, “we feel there’s a fit for any application, and vans versus pickups has become a hot topic in recent years.” 

In 2015, North American sales of Euro-style compact vans eclipsed sales of body-on-frame vans for the first time. 
Source: Automotive Fleet Research Dept.

Namuth and his team work with a national auto parts distributor that continues to invest in a mix of NVs and Frontier pickups. They use the trucks to haul engine blocks and other heavy orders and the vans for most other applications. “For some applications, trucks make more sense. If you’re working on construction sites, the first thing that goes in is the dirt road,”

“If the hammer won’t drive the nail, it won’t work for you,” said Dave Sowers, head of Ram commercial brand for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. “Doing that research is even more important for fleets that might not have access to all the data and resources that large fleets do. Once they’ve come to grips with having a mix of vehicles, we can go into all the other factors, the most obvious of which is payload.” 

Imran Jalal is brand and communications manager for Ford Motor Co.’s North American fleet division. He said those conversations should also include the needs of the fleet as well as the company and industry it belongs to. The result is never presumed; after all, just as 20% of full-size Transit van buyers are replacing trucks, 20% of Transit owners will end up moving into pickups. 

“Vans tend to be slightly less pricey for the same capacity, and the fuel economy can be better, and the roof height on the van is a huge plus,” Jalal said. “But you never want to take pickups for granted. They have their purpose. It’s purely based on vocation.”

Fleets that require off-road travel or trailering continue to rely on pickups such as the Ford...

Fleets that require off-road travel or trailering continue to rely on pickups such as the Ford F-150, which remains America’s best-selling vehicle despite growing competition from vans and SUVs.

Photo: Ford Motor Co. 

Vehicle Costs Vary

Once the choice of vehicles is clear, choosing between trucks and vans can often come down to acquisition cost, fuel economy, and total cost of ownership. Sowers noted that the compact ProMaster City gets up to 28 miles per gallon on the highway and can carry an 1,880-pound payload — more than most light-duty trucks could haul five years ago.

The full-size ProMaster’s capacity in 2018 reached a maximum of 4,600 pounds in 2019 with a comparable asking price and better fuel economy than a 3/4-ton pickup. 

Another advantage? Vans are typically easier and cheaper to upfit. “You buy the van with the shelving package you picked inside. So you save a bit on upfit expenses and save time putting the vehicle into service,” Sowers said. 

“A lot of fleets want to move to the cargo van mainly for fuel economy. You’re going to get 25 or 26 miles per gallon in a compact van. You would struggle to get that from a pickup truck,” said Namuth, who makes frequent use of Vincentric’s “Dynamic Cost to Own” TCO calculator, which weighs such factors as fuel, insurance, depreciation, and resale value. “We feel pretty good about logging our product into the Vincentric platform.” 

Truck loads posted to DAT tracking boards fell by 6% in July 2018, while van loads increased by 2%. 
Source: DAT Solutions LLC

The most recent operating costs report from Automotive Fleet, a sister publication to WT, broke down the reported costs for each fleet vehicle segment from September of 2016 to October of 2017.

Comparing compact, light-duty pickups with full-size vans shows that, for applications requiring 24,000 annual miles or less, trucks came out ahead at 0.18 cents/mile compared with 20 cents-per-mile (cpm) for vans. Pickups had the edge on fuel and repair costs while van owners spent less on oil and replacement tires; warranty recovery cost was the same. 

However, in the 80,001- to 100,000-mile band, pickups clocked in at 25 cpm compared with 21 cpm for vans, which showed lower costs across the board for fuel, oil, tires, and repairs. 

The Ram ProMaster City Tradesman Cargo exemplifies the low load floor height afforded by...

The Ram ProMaster City Tradesman Cargo exemplifies the low load floor height afforded by compact, “Euro”-style vans.


Think of the Drivers

No comparison of vans to pickups is complete without considering the person behind the wheel. Jalal noted that, in addition to cargo considerations, moving to a high-roof van creates a mobile workspace for drivers. “Ford offers three different roof heights. A technician can walk in rather than stand out in the cold.” 

Nissan’s Namuth noted that, for drivers who take their service vehicle home each night, vans can present a disadvantage, and it has to do with all that advertising space on the sides and back. 

“Those drivers are more apt to want a pickup truck than a van that says ‘Joe’s Plumbing.’ Some neighborhoods have rules against that. And some individuals just feel better having a truck in the driveway,” he said.

Sowers listed ease of operation and enhanced visibility as two advantages for employees whose primary skill and purpose are not driving. Better yet, the van’s lower load floor height can be a blessing for technicians who are accustomed to pulling tools, equipment, and cargo out of a pickup bed. 

“Think of the number of cycles these drivers go through,” Sowers concluded. “A civilian pickup owner might jump in and out of the bed twice a week. These guys might do it 50 or 60 times a day.” 

What's the Ad-VAN-Tage?

Vans and trucks offer many different advantages, depending on overall fleet needs. 

Vans Pickups
Typically lower acquisition price Typically higher resale price
Easier to drive in urban conditions Safer to take off-road
Better suited for mobile workspace Better suited for towing
Cargo hold is private, secure, and weatherproof Driver is separated from heavy or hazardous cargo
Lower load floor height Access from all sides
Side panels create advertising space More appealing take-home vehicle
Shorter wheelbase aids parking and maneuvering Fits in most parking garages and car washes

Editor's Note: This article was originally published in September 2018 and has been updated over time as new information became available. 

Originally posted on Work Truck Online

About the author
Tariq Kamal

Tariq Kamal

Contributing Editor

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