Why Cooperative Procurement Can Pay Off for Public Fleets

March 2007, Government Fleet - Feature

by Chad Simon

Public sector fleets and government agencies of all levels throughout the U.S. are increasingly utilizing cooperative procurement, or consortium, tactics to purchase vehicles and equipment at thelowest possible price.

Designed to promote activity among local governments, cooperative procurement improves efficiency by granting inter-governmental contracting authority at the local level, including contracts between all political subdivisions and state agencies.

HGACBuy Cooperative Purchasing Program
Open public procurement allows a government entity to purchase itemswhile demonstrating fiscal responsibility with taxpayer money, offers vendors an opportunity to compete, and enables governments to obtain the best overall price, according to Bob Wooten, program manager,cooperative purchasing, Houston-Galveston Area Council. (H-GAC).

In 1971, the cooperative procurement strategy was introduced to the state of Texas with the passing of the Interlocal Cooperation statute, which allows a city, county, state, or other government entity within the state of Texas to legally cooperate for activities such as purchasing.

“It can take 3-9 months to complete a procurement process. Soft costs include time involved in research, negotiating a contract, and attorney and staff fees,” said Wooten.

However, through HGACBuy — HGAC’s cooperative purchasing programused exclusively by governmental entities — any government agency can procure items, including cars, fire trucks, and fleet maintenance equipment. After the competitive bid process, H-GAC issues a two-year contract to the lowest responsible bidder. Minimizing cost and time, the contract allows government entities that meet legal requirements to purchase equipment, according to Wooten.

“Public fleets can obtain better pricing through the contract, leveraging the power of our membership to get the best possible pricing. The competition and size of membership usually providebetter pricing than fleets would get on their own,” said Wooten.

Services Offered
As a designated purchasing agent on behalf of participating government fleets, H-GAC performs the following services for competitive bids and proposals:

  1. Conducts research and surveys.
  2. Develops specifications for each product or service.
  3. Solicits vendor participation and issues specifications documents.
  4. Conducts pre-bid and pre-proposal conferences.
  5. Opens bid and proposal responses before evaluation.
  6. Issues vendor contracts awarded by the H-GAC board of directors and certifies contract validity.

Let the Bidding Begin
The bid process starts with a draft bid solicitation sent to all potential bidders. After a pre-bid conference, the final bid document is created and, after evaluation, the H-GAC board of directors awards the winning vendor a contract to provide goods and services to government members.

“For example, if a city wanted to buy 10 police cars, they would look on our Web site ( to see which vendors we have under contract for the type of police car they want. The memberwould call the contractor directly to work up a quote for them based on HGACBuy’s contract pricing. The member would then purchase directly from the vendor who delivers the product or service to the member,” said Wooten.

A contracted list of aftermarket options is also available to vendors, including light bars, customized paint, etc.

In 2005, $220 million in products and services were bought through HGACBuy and about $240 million in 2006. The program has 300 vendors under contract and more than 1,700 government agency members spread across 27 U.S. states, growing by about 125 agencies each year,according to Wooten.

H-GAC is just one government-to-government co-op for procuring goods. The Mid America Regional Council (MARC) serves the Kansas City regional market in the same way H-GAC serves nationally.

Using Another State’s Contract
H-GAC’s contract terms and conditions mandate the guaranteed lowestprices on vehicles and equipment, according to Steve Perlstein, government sales manager for Mohawk Lifts, an HGACBuy vendor and contract holder for garage lifts with Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) contracts serving 19 states, HGAC, MARC, and GSA.

For agencies that don’t have a contract, state procurement statutes (purchasing laws) allow an agency within the non-contracted state to use another state’s contract.

“For example, there are no lift companies that have a contract with the state of Colorado; however, the town of Parker, Colo., wanted to purchase a Mohawk lift and used another state’s contract, which offered four lift brands, as a contracting vehicle,” said Perlstein.

WSCA Stipulates Lowest Pricing
The Western States Contracting Alliance (WSCA), a trade organizationcomprising mostly Western states, also has a contract for garage lifts and related equipment; however, any state can join this contract. Since each offer stipulates the prices are the lowest to anygovernment agency, if a price decreases for the private sector, or the product’s list price decreases, so does the government price, according to Perlstein.

The WSCA was a competitively bid contract, sent to all members of the Automotive Lift Institute (ALI).

For a WSCA state to become an active participant in the multi-stateWSCA contract, the state signs a participation agreement attached to the WSCA contract.

Not all WSCA member states have joined the WSCA procurement, whilesome non-WSCA member states, such as Missouri, have joined. Participation in a WSCA contract is a state-by-state decision. However, if a state elects to participate in a WSCA contract, usage isvoluntary among its local government agencies, according to Perlstein.


  1. 1. KayEhm [ February 05, 2016 @ 03:00PM ]

    Public procurement authority organizations like the PPA at can definitely reduce solicitation and procurement costs because they improve efficiency in the procurement process. They provide a mechanism for increased standardization of industry tools, equipment and technology, so that other public agencies can benefit from Master Price Agreements secured by PPA.


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